I cannot get the accurate height of an element with pure javascript - javascript

I use the following function to get the full height of an element:
outerHeight1=(el)=> {
let style = window.getComputedStyle(el);
return (parseInt(style.getPropertyValue("height").replace("px",""))+
parseInt(style.getPropertyValue("border-bottom-width").replace("px",""), 10)+
parseInt(style.getPropertyValue("border-top-width").replace("px",""), 10)
);
}
It is noteworthy that the elements are added dynamically to the dom.
What I see is the rendered height that I checked in chrome is about 3 px more than what my function returns so the rendered dom returns 55 but my function returns 52.
Any idea?
Update:
as suggested I used getBoundingClientRect and I get 0 for height.
Here is the log in my console

You can use element.getBoundingClientRect() it shall return an object where one of its keys is height.
You can read the docs here

Why don't you use element.offsetHeight ? It would return element's height including padding and border

Related

How to obtain effective iframe height [duplicate]

How do you get the rendered height of an element?
Let's say you have a <div> element with some content inside. This content inside is going to stretch the height of the <div>. How do you get the "rendered" height when you haven't explicitly set the height. Obviously, I tried:
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').style.height;
Is there a trick for doing this? I am using jQuery if that helps.
It should just be
$('#someDiv').height();
with jQuery. This retrieves the height of the first item in the wrapped set as a number.
Trying to use
.style.height
only works if you have set the property in the first place. Not very useful!
Try one of:
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').clientHeight;
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').offsetHeight;
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').scrollHeight;
clientHeight includes the height and vertical padding.
offsetHeight includes the height, vertical padding, and vertical borders.
scrollHeight includes the height of the contained document (would be greater than just height in case of scrolling), vertical padding, and vertical borders.
NON JQUERY since there were a bunch of links using elem.style.height in the top of these answers...
INNER HEIGHT:
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Element.clientHeight
document.getElementById(id_attribute_value).clientHeight;
OUTER HEIGHT:
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/HTMLElement.offsetHeight
document.getElementById(id_attribute_value).offsetHeight;
Or one of my favorite references: http://youmightnotneedjquery.com/
You can use .outerHeight() for this purpose.
It will give you full rendered height of the element. Also, you don't need to set any css-height of the element. For precaution you can keep its height auto so it can be rendered as per content's height.
//if you need height of div excluding margin/padding/border
$('#someDiv').height();
//if you need height of div with padding but without border + margin
$('#someDiv').innerHeight();
// if you need height of div including padding and border
$('#someDiv').outerHeight();
//and at last for including border + margin + padding, can use
$('#someDiv').outerHeight(true);
For a clear view of these function you can go for jQuery's site or a detailed post here.
it will clear the difference between .height() / innerHeight() / outerHeight()
style = window.getComputedStyle(your_element);
then simply: style.height
I use this:
document.getElementById('someDiv').getBoundingClientRect().height
It also works when you use the virtual DOM. I use it in Vue like this:
this.$refs['some-ref'].getBoundingClientRect().height
Definitely use
$('#someDiv').height() // to read it
or
$('#someDiv').height(newHeight) // to set it
I'm posting this as an additional answer because theres a couple important things I just learnt.
I almost fell into the trap just now of using offsetHeight. This is what happened :
I used the good old trick of using a debugger to 'watch' what properties my element has
I saw which one has a value around the value I was expecting
It was offsetHeight - so I used that.
Then i realized it didnt work with a hidden DIV
I tried hiding after calculating maxHeight but that looked clumsy - got in a mess.
I did a search - discovered jQuery.height() - and used it
found out height() works even on hidden elements
just for fun I checked the jQuery implementation of height/width
Here's just a portion of it :
Math.max(
Math.max(document.body["scroll" + name], document.documentElement["scroll" + name]),
Math.max(document.body["offset" + name], document.documentElement["offset" + name])
)
Yup it looks at BOTH scroll and offset. If that fails it looks even further, taking into account browser and css compatibility issues. In other words STUFF I DONT CARE ABOUT - or want to.
But I dont have to. Thanks jQuery!
Moral of the story : if jQuery has a method for something its probably for a good reason, likely related to compatibilty.
If you haven't read through the jQuery list of methods recently I suggest you take a look.
I made a simple code that doesn't even need JQuery and probably gonna help some people.
It gets the total height of 'ID1' after loaded and use it on 'ID2'
function anyName(){
var varname=document.getElementById('ID1').offsetHeight;
document.getElementById('ID2').style.height=varname+'px';
}
Then just set the body to load it
<body onload='anyName()'>
So is this the answer?
"If you need to calculate something but not show it, set the element to visibility:hidden and position:absolute, add it to the DOM tree, get the offsetHeight, and remove it. (That's what the prototype library does behind the lines last time I checked)."
I have the same problem on a number of elements. There is no jQuery or Prototype to be used on the site but I'm all in favor of borrowing the technique if it works. As an example of some things that failed to work, followed by what did, I have the following code:
// Layout Height Get
function fnElementHeightMaxGet(DoScroll, DoBase, elementPassed, elementHeightDefault)
{
var DoOffset = true;
if (!elementPassed) { return 0; }
if (!elementPassed.style) { return 0; }
var thisHeight = 0;
var heightBase = parseInt(elementPassed.style.height);
var heightOffset = parseInt(elementPassed.offsetHeight);
var heightScroll = parseInt(elementPassed.scrollHeight);
var heightClient = parseInt(elementPassed.clientHeight);
var heightNode = 0;
var heightRects = 0;
//
if (DoBase) {
if (heightBase > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightBase; }
}
if (DoOffset) {
if (heightOffset > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightOffset; }
}
if (DoScroll) {
if (heightScroll > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightScroll; }
}
//
if (thisHeight == 0) { thisHeight = heightClient; }
//
if (thisHeight == 0) {
// Dom Add:
// all else failed so use the protype approach...
var elBodyTempContainer = document.getElementById('BodyTempContainer');
elBodyTempContainer.appendChild(elementPassed);
heightNode = elBodyTempContainer.childNodes[0].offsetHeight;
elBodyTempContainer.removeChild(elementPassed);
if (heightNode > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightNode; }
//
// Bounding Rect:
// Or this approach...
var clientRects = elementPassed.getClientRects();
heightRects = clientRects.height;
if (heightRects > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightRects; }
}
//
// Default height not appropriate here
// if (thisHeight == 0) { thisHeight = elementHeightDefault; }
if (thisHeight > 3000) {
// ERROR
thisHeight = 3000;
}
return thisHeight;
}
which basically tries anything and everything only to get a zero result. ClientHeight with no affect. With the problem elements I typically get NaN in the Base and zero in the Offset and Scroll heights. I then tried the Add DOM solution and clientRects to see if it works here.
29 Jun 2011,
I did indeed update the code to try both adding to DOM and clientHeight with better results than I expected.
1) clientHeight was also 0.
2) Dom actually gave me a height which was great.
3) ClientRects returns a result almost identical to the DOM technique.
Because the elements added are fluid in nature, when they are added to an otherwise empty DOM Temp element they are rendered according to the width of that container. This get weird, because that is 30px shorter than it eventually ends up.
I added a few snapshots to illustrate how the height is calculated differently.
The height differences are obvious. I could certainly add absolute positioning and hidden but I am sure that will have no effect. I continued to be convinced this would not work!
(I digress further) The height comes out (renders) lower than the true rendered height. This could be addressed by setting the width of the DOM Temp element to match the existing parent and could be done fairly accurately in theory. I also do not know what would result from removing them and adding them back into their existing location. As they arrived through an innerHTML technique I will be looking using this different approach.
* HOWEVER * None of that was necessary. In fact it worked as advertised and returned the correct height!!!
When I was able to get the menus visible again amazingly DOM had returned the correct height per the fluid layout at the top of the page (279px). The above code also uses getClientRects which return 280px.
This is illustrated in the following snapshot (taken from Chrome once working.)
Now I have noooooo idea why that prototype trick works, but it seems to. Alternatively, getClientRects also works.
I suspect the cause of all this trouble with these particular elements was the use of innerHTML instead of appendChild, but that is pure speculation at this point.
Hm we can get the Element geometry...
var geometry;
geometry={};
var element=document.getElementById(#ibims);
var rect = element.getBoundingClientRect();
this.geometry.top=rect.top;
this.geometry.right=rect.right;
this.geometry.bottom=rect.bottom;
this.geometry.left=rect.left;
this.geometry.height=this.geometry.bottom-this.geometry.top;
this.geometry.width=this.geometry.right-this.geometry.left;
console.log(this.geometry);
How about this plain JS ?
offsetHeight, usually.
If you need to calculate something but not show it, set the element to visibility:hidden and position:absolute, add it to the DOM tree, get the offsetHeight, and remove it. (That's what the prototype library does behind the scenes last time I checked).
Sometimes offsetHeight will return zero because the element you've created has not been rendered in the Dom yet. I wrote this function for such circumstances:
function getHeight(element)
{
var e = element.cloneNode(true);
e.style.visibility = "hidden";
document.body.appendChild(e);
var height = e.offsetHeight + 0;
document.body.removeChild(e);
e.style.visibility = "visible";
return height;
}
If you are using jQuery already, your best bet is .outerHeight() or .height(), as has been stated.
Without jQuery, you can check the box-sizing in use and add up various paddings + borders + clientHeight, or you can use getComputedStyle:
var h = getComputedStyle(document.getElementById('someDiv')).height;
h will now be a string like a "53.825px".
And I can't find the reference, but I think I heard getComputedStyle() can be expensive, so it's probably not something you want to call on each window.onscroll event (but then, neither is jQuery's height()).
With MooTools:
$('someDiv').getSize().y
document.querySelector('.project_list_div').offsetWidth;
If i understood your question correctly, then maybe something like this would help:
function testDistance(node1, node2) {
/* get top position of node 1 */
let n1Pos = node1.offsetTop;
/* get height of node 1 */
let n1Height = node1.clientHeight;
/* get top position of node 2 */
let n2Pos = node2.offsetTop;
/* get height of node 2 */
let n2Height = node2.clientHeight;
/* add height of both nodes */
let heightTogether = n1Height + n2Height;
/* calculate distance from top of node 1 to bottom of node 2 */
let actualDistance = (n2Pos + n2Height) - n1Pos;
/* if the distance between top of node 1 and bottom of node 2
is bigger than their heights combined, than there is something between them */
if (actualDistance > heightTogether) {
/* do something here if they are not together */
console.log('they are not together');
} else {
/* do something here if they are together */
console.log('together');
}
}
Have you set the height in the css specifically? If you haven't you need to use offsetHeight; rather than height
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').style.offsetHeight;

How do I get a useful value for height and width of a div element using javascript?

I need to be able to store the current height and width of a div at any point in time.
Currently I am using div.style.height/width which works fine when the styling is applied inline.
The problem is that this returns for example 600px and not 600.
Is there a better way to do this? If not, whats the best way to get just the number 600?
My updated code looks like this:
var div = document.getElementById('container');
div.scrollLeft = contentdim.cx*scalar - parseInt(div.style.width)/2;
div.scrollTop = contentdim.cy*scalar - parseInt(div.style.height)/2;
Which works fine in FF. For some reason scrollTop is messing up in Chrome though..
Note: This is a function which is called onscroll for the div.
parseInt(div.style.height) is more generic than div.style.height.replace("px","")
However div.style.offsetHeight might be better because it does not rely on style being explicitly set (but you have to render the div before you can read the value)
try div.offsetHeight || div.clientHeight
div.style.height.replace("px","")
With jQuery, a bit more elegant, you can do it as well: http://api.jquery.com/height/
$("div").height()
//returns just the integer
To summarize the above:
document.getElementById('yourElement').style.height
CSS height if it has been set in a stylesheet. Will not include padding, margin, etc. If it is not set, you may wind up with values like auto.
document.getElementById('yourElement').offsetHeight
Height of the HTMLElement as rendered in the browser, including padding, scrollbars etc. (The total offset this Element's height consumes). Note that this often can be equivalent to clientHeight but that is not guaranteed.
Here is how offsetHeight is defined on Mozilla Developer Center. Note that there are a few differences with clientHeight, namely clientHeight does not include rendered scrollbars; offsetHeight will generally give you the maximum value.
Use jQuery:
height()
width()

How do you get the rendered height of an element?

How do you get the rendered height of an element?
Let's say you have a <div> element with some content inside. This content inside is going to stretch the height of the <div>. How do you get the "rendered" height when you haven't explicitly set the height. Obviously, I tried:
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').style.height;
Is there a trick for doing this? I am using jQuery if that helps.
It should just be
$('#someDiv').height();
with jQuery. This retrieves the height of the first item in the wrapped set as a number.
Trying to use
.style.height
only works if you have set the property in the first place. Not very useful!
Try one of:
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').clientHeight;
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').offsetHeight;
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').scrollHeight;
clientHeight includes the height and vertical padding.
offsetHeight includes the height, vertical padding, and vertical borders.
scrollHeight includes the height of the contained document (would be greater than just height in case of scrolling), vertical padding, and vertical borders.
NON JQUERY since there were a bunch of links using elem.style.height in the top of these answers...
INNER HEIGHT:
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Element.clientHeight
document.getElementById(id_attribute_value).clientHeight;
OUTER HEIGHT:
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/HTMLElement.offsetHeight
document.getElementById(id_attribute_value).offsetHeight;
Or one of my favorite references: http://youmightnotneedjquery.com/
You can use .outerHeight() for this purpose.
It will give you full rendered height of the element. Also, you don't need to set any css-height of the element. For precaution you can keep its height auto so it can be rendered as per content's height.
//if you need height of div excluding margin/padding/border
$('#someDiv').height();
//if you need height of div with padding but without border + margin
$('#someDiv').innerHeight();
// if you need height of div including padding and border
$('#someDiv').outerHeight();
//and at last for including border + margin + padding, can use
$('#someDiv').outerHeight(true);
For a clear view of these function you can go for jQuery's site or a detailed post here.
it will clear the difference between .height() / innerHeight() / outerHeight()
style = window.getComputedStyle(your_element);
then simply: style.height
I use this:
document.getElementById('someDiv').getBoundingClientRect().height
It also works when you use the virtual DOM. I use it in Vue like this:
this.$refs['some-ref'].getBoundingClientRect().height
Definitely use
$('#someDiv').height() // to read it
or
$('#someDiv').height(newHeight) // to set it
I'm posting this as an additional answer because theres a couple important things I just learnt.
I almost fell into the trap just now of using offsetHeight. This is what happened :
I used the good old trick of using a debugger to 'watch' what properties my element has
I saw which one has a value around the value I was expecting
It was offsetHeight - so I used that.
Then i realized it didnt work with a hidden DIV
I tried hiding after calculating maxHeight but that looked clumsy - got in a mess.
I did a search - discovered jQuery.height() - and used it
found out height() works even on hidden elements
just for fun I checked the jQuery implementation of height/width
Here's just a portion of it :
Math.max(
Math.max(document.body["scroll" + name], document.documentElement["scroll" + name]),
Math.max(document.body["offset" + name], document.documentElement["offset" + name])
)
Yup it looks at BOTH scroll and offset. If that fails it looks even further, taking into account browser and css compatibility issues. In other words STUFF I DONT CARE ABOUT - or want to.
But I dont have to. Thanks jQuery!
Moral of the story : if jQuery has a method for something its probably for a good reason, likely related to compatibilty.
If you haven't read through the jQuery list of methods recently I suggest you take a look.
I made a simple code that doesn't even need JQuery and probably gonna help some people.
It gets the total height of 'ID1' after loaded and use it on 'ID2'
function anyName(){
var varname=document.getElementById('ID1').offsetHeight;
document.getElementById('ID2').style.height=varname+'px';
}
Then just set the body to load it
<body onload='anyName()'>
So is this the answer?
"If you need to calculate something but not show it, set the element to visibility:hidden and position:absolute, add it to the DOM tree, get the offsetHeight, and remove it. (That's what the prototype library does behind the lines last time I checked)."
I have the same problem on a number of elements. There is no jQuery or Prototype to be used on the site but I'm all in favor of borrowing the technique if it works. As an example of some things that failed to work, followed by what did, I have the following code:
// Layout Height Get
function fnElementHeightMaxGet(DoScroll, DoBase, elementPassed, elementHeightDefault)
{
var DoOffset = true;
if (!elementPassed) { return 0; }
if (!elementPassed.style) { return 0; }
var thisHeight = 0;
var heightBase = parseInt(elementPassed.style.height);
var heightOffset = parseInt(elementPassed.offsetHeight);
var heightScroll = parseInt(elementPassed.scrollHeight);
var heightClient = parseInt(elementPassed.clientHeight);
var heightNode = 0;
var heightRects = 0;
//
if (DoBase) {
if (heightBase > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightBase; }
}
if (DoOffset) {
if (heightOffset > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightOffset; }
}
if (DoScroll) {
if (heightScroll > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightScroll; }
}
//
if (thisHeight == 0) { thisHeight = heightClient; }
//
if (thisHeight == 0) {
// Dom Add:
// all else failed so use the protype approach...
var elBodyTempContainer = document.getElementById('BodyTempContainer');
elBodyTempContainer.appendChild(elementPassed);
heightNode = elBodyTempContainer.childNodes[0].offsetHeight;
elBodyTempContainer.removeChild(elementPassed);
if (heightNode > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightNode; }
//
// Bounding Rect:
// Or this approach...
var clientRects = elementPassed.getClientRects();
heightRects = clientRects.height;
if (heightRects > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightRects; }
}
//
// Default height not appropriate here
// if (thisHeight == 0) { thisHeight = elementHeightDefault; }
if (thisHeight > 3000) {
// ERROR
thisHeight = 3000;
}
return thisHeight;
}
which basically tries anything and everything only to get a zero result. ClientHeight with no affect. With the problem elements I typically get NaN in the Base and zero in the Offset and Scroll heights. I then tried the Add DOM solution and clientRects to see if it works here.
29 Jun 2011,
I did indeed update the code to try both adding to DOM and clientHeight with better results than I expected.
1) clientHeight was also 0.
2) Dom actually gave me a height which was great.
3) ClientRects returns a result almost identical to the DOM technique.
Because the elements added are fluid in nature, when they are added to an otherwise empty DOM Temp element they are rendered according to the width of that container. This get weird, because that is 30px shorter than it eventually ends up.
I added a few snapshots to illustrate how the height is calculated differently.
The height differences are obvious. I could certainly add absolute positioning and hidden but I am sure that will have no effect. I continued to be convinced this would not work!
(I digress further) The height comes out (renders) lower than the true rendered height. This could be addressed by setting the width of the DOM Temp element to match the existing parent and could be done fairly accurately in theory. I also do not know what would result from removing them and adding them back into their existing location. As they arrived through an innerHTML technique I will be looking using this different approach.
* HOWEVER * None of that was necessary. In fact it worked as advertised and returned the correct height!!!
When I was able to get the menus visible again amazingly DOM had returned the correct height per the fluid layout at the top of the page (279px). The above code also uses getClientRects which return 280px.
This is illustrated in the following snapshot (taken from Chrome once working.)
Now I have noooooo idea why that prototype trick works, but it seems to. Alternatively, getClientRects also works.
I suspect the cause of all this trouble with these particular elements was the use of innerHTML instead of appendChild, but that is pure speculation at this point.
Hm we can get the Element geometry...
var geometry;
geometry={};
var element=document.getElementById(#ibims);
var rect = element.getBoundingClientRect();
this.geometry.top=rect.top;
this.geometry.right=rect.right;
this.geometry.bottom=rect.bottom;
this.geometry.left=rect.left;
this.geometry.height=this.geometry.bottom-this.geometry.top;
this.geometry.width=this.geometry.right-this.geometry.left;
console.log(this.geometry);
How about this plain JS ?
offsetHeight, usually.
If you need to calculate something but not show it, set the element to visibility:hidden and position:absolute, add it to the DOM tree, get the offsetHeight, and remove it. (That's what the prototype library does behind the scenes last time I checked).
Sometimes offsetHeight will return zero because the element you've created has not been rendered in the Dom yet. I wrote this function for such circumstances:
function getHeight(element)
{
var e = element.cloneNode(true);
e.style.visibility = "hidden";
document.body.appendChild(e);
var height = e.offsetHeight + 0;
document.body.removeChild(e);
e.style.visibility = "visible";
return height;
}
If you are using jQuery already, your best bet is .outerHeight() or .height(), as has been stated.
Without jQuery, you can check the box-sizing in use and add up various paddings + borders + clientHeight, or you can use getComputedStyle:
var h = getComputedStyle(document.getElementById('someDiv')).height;
h will now be a string like a "53.825px".
And I can't find the reference, but I think I heard getComputedStyle() can be expensive, so it's probably not something you want to call on each window.onscroll event (but then, neither is jQuery's height()).
With MooTools:
$('someDiv').getSize().y
document.querySelector('.project_list_div').offsetWidth;
If i understood your question correctly, then maybe something like this would help:
function testDistance(node1, node2) {
/* get top position of node 1 */
let n1Pos = node1.offsetTop;
/* get height of node 1 */
let n1Height = node1.clientHeight;
/* get top position of node 2 */
let n2Pos = node2.offsetTop;
/* get height of node 2 */
let n2Height = node2.clientHeight;
/* add height of both nodes */
let heightTogether = n1Height + n2Height;
/* calculate distance from top of node 1 to bottom of node 2 */
let actualDistance = (n2Pos + n2Height) - n1Pos;
/* if the distance between top of node 1 and bottom of node 2
is bigger than their heights combined, than there is something between them */
if (actualDistance > heightTogether) {
/* do something here if they are not together */
console.log('they are not together');
} else {
/* do something here if they are together */
console.log('together');
}
}
Have you set the height in the css specifically? If you haven't you need to use offsetHeight; rather than height
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').style.offsetHeight;

get and set height of element [duplicate]

How do you get the rendered height of an element?
Let's say you have a <div> element with some content inside. This content inside is going to stretch the height of the <div>. How do you get the "rendered" height when you haven't explicitly set the height. Obviously, I tried:
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').style.height;
Is there a trick for doing this? I am using jQuery if that helps.
It should just be
$('#someDiv').height();
with jQuery. This retrieves the height of the first item in the wrapped set as a number.
Trying to use
.style.height
only works if you have set the property in the first place. Not very useful!
Try one of:
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').clientHeight;
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').offsetHeight;
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').scrollHeight;
clientHeight includes the height and vertical padding.
offsetHeight includes the height, vertical padding, and vertical borders.
scrollHeight includes the height of the contained document (would be greater than just height in case of scrolling), vertical padding, and vertical borders.
NON JQUERY since there were a bunch of links using elem.style.height in the top of these answers...
INNER HEIGHT:
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Element.clientHeight
document.getElementById(id_attribute_value).clientHeight;
OUTER HEIGHT:
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/HTMLElement.offsetHeight
document.getElementById(id_attribute_value).offsetHeight;
Or one of my favorite references: http://youmightnotneedjquery.com/
You can use .outerHeight() for this purpose.
It will give you full rendered height of the element. Also, you don't need to set any css-height of the element. For precaution you can keep its height auto so it can be rendered as per content's height.
//if you need height of div excluding margin/padding/border
$('#someDiv').height();
//if you need height of div with padding but without border + margin
$('#someDiv').innerHeight();
// if you need height of div including padding and border
$('#someDiv').outerHeight();
//and at last for including border + margin + padding, can use
$('#someDiv').outerHeight(true);
For a clear view of these function you can go for jQuery's site or a detailed post here.
it will clear the difference between .height() / innerHeight() / outerHeight()
style = window.getComputedStyle(your_element);
then simply: style.height
I use this:
document.getElementById('someDiv').getBoundingClientRect().height
It also works when you use the virtual DOM. I use it in Vue like this:
this.$refs['some-ref'].getBoundingClientRect().height
Definitely use
$('#someDiv').height() // to read it
or
$('#someDiv').height(newHeight) // to set it
I'm posting this as an additional answer because theres a couple important things I just learnt.
I almost fell into the trap just now of using offsetHeight. This is what happened :
I used the good old trick of using a debugger to 'watch' what properties my element has
I saw which one has a value around the value I was expecting
It was offsetHeight - so I used that.
Then i realized it didnt work with a hidden DIV
I tried hiding after calculating maxHeight but that looked clumsy - got in a mess.
I did a search - discovered jQuery.height() - and used it
found out height() works even on hidden elements
just for fun I checked the jQuery implementation of height/width
Here's just a portion of it :
Math.max(
Math.max(document.body["scroll" + name], document.documentElement["scroll" + name]),
Math.max(document.body["offset" + name], document.documentElement["offset" + name])
)
Yup it looks at BOTH scroll and offset. If that fails it looks even further, taking into account browser and css compatibility issues. In other words STUFF I DONT CARE ABOUT - or want to.
But I dont have to. Thanks jQuery!
Moral of the story : if jQuery has a method for something its probably for a good reason, likely related to compatibilty.
If you haven't read through the jQuery list of methods recently I suggest you take a look.
I made a simple code that doesn't even need JQuery and probably gonna help some people.
It gets the total height of 'ID1' after loaded and use it on 'ID2'
function anyName(){
var varname=document.getElementById('ID1').offsetHeight;
document.getElementById('ID2').style.height=varname+'px';
}
Then just set the body to load it
<body onload='anyName()'>
So is this the answer?
"If you need to calculate something but not show it, set the element to visibility:hidden and position:absolute, add it to the DOM tree, get the offsetHeight, and remove it. (That's what the prototype library does behind the lines last time I checked)."
I have the same problem on a number of elements. There is no jQuery or Prototype to be used on the site but I'm all in favor of borrowing the technique if it works. As an example of some things that failed to work, followed by what did, I have the following code:
// Layout Height Get
function fnElementHeightMaxGet(DoScroll, DoBase, elementPassed, elementHeightDefault)
{
var DoOffset = true;
if (!elementPassed) { return 0; }
if (!elementPassed.style) { return 0; }
var thisHeight = 0;
var heightBase = parseInt(elementPassed.style.height);
var heightOffset = parseInt(elementPassed.offsetHeight);
var heightScroll = parseInt(elementPassed.scrollHeight);
var heightClient = parseInt(elementPassed.clientHeight);
var heightNode = 0;
var heightRects = 0;
//
if (DoBase) {
if (heightBase > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightBase; }
}
if (DoOffset) {
if (heightOffset > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightOffset; }
}
if (DoScroll) {
if (heightScroll > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightScroll; }
}
//
if (thisHeight == 0) { thisHeight = heightClient; }
//
if (thisHeight == 0) {
// Dom Add:
// all else failed so use the protype approach...
var elBodyTempContainer = document.getElementById('BodyTempContainer');
elBodyTempContainer.appendChild(elementPassed);
heightNode = elBodyTempContainer.childNodes[0].offsetHeight;
elBodyTempContainer.removeChild(elementPassed);
if (heightNode > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightNode; }
//
// Bounding Rect:
// Or this approach...
var clientRects = elementPassed.getClientRects();
heightRects = clientRects.height;
if (heightRects > thisHeight) { thisHeight = heightRects; }
}
//
// Default height not appropriate here
// if (thisHeight == 0) { thisHeight = elementHeightDefault; }
if (thisHeight > 3000) {
// ERROR
thisHeight = 3000;
}
return thisHeight;
}
which basically tries anything and everything only to get a zero result. ClientHeight with no affect. With the problem elements I typically get NaN in the Base and zero in the Offset and Scroll heights. I then tried the Add DOM solution and clientRects to see if it works here.
29 Jun 2011,
I did indeed update the code to try both adding to DOM and clientHeight with better results than I expected.
1) clientHeight was also 0.
2) Dom actually gave me a height which was great.
3) ClientRects returns a result almost identical to the DOM technique.
Because the elements added are fluid in nature, when they are added to an otherwise empty DOM Temp element they are rendered according to the width of that container. This get weird, because that is 30px shorter than it eventually ends up.
I added a few snapshots to illustrate how the height is calculated differently.
The height differences are obvious. I could certainly add absolute positioning and hidden but I am sure that will have no effect. I continued to be convinced this would not work!
(I digress further) The height comes out (renders) lower than the true rendered height. This could be addressed by setting the width of the DOM Temp element to match the existing parent and could be done fairly accurately in theory. I also do not know what would result from removing them and adding them back into their existing location. As they arrived through an innerHTML technique I will be looking using this different approach.
* HOWEVER * None of that was necessary. In fact it worked as advertised and returned the correct height!!!
When I was able to get the menus visible again amazingly DOM had returned the correct height per the fluid layout at the top of the page (279px). The above code also uses getClientRects which return 280px.
This is illustrated in the following snapshot (taken from Chrome once working.)
Now I have noooooo idea why that prototype trick works, but it seems to. Alternatively, getClientRects also works.
I suspect the cause of all this trouble with these particular elements was the use of innerHTML instead of appendChild, but that is pure speculation at this point.
Hm we can get the Element geometry...
var geometry;
geometry={};
var element=document.getElementById(#ibims);
var rect = element.getBoundingClientRect();
this.geometry.top=rect.top;
this.geometry.right=rect.right;
this.geometry.bottom=rect.bottom;
this.geometry.left=rect.left;
this.geometry.height=this.geometry.bottom-this.geometry.top;
this.geometry.width=this.geometry.right-this.geometry.left;
console.log(this.geometry);
How about this plain JS ?
offsetHeight, usually.
If you need to calculate something but not show it, set the element to visibility:hidden and position:absolute, add it to the DOM tree, get the offsetHeight, and remove it. (That's what the prototype library does behind the scenes last time I checked).
Sometimes offsetHeight will return zero because the element you've created has not been rendered in the Dom yet. I wrote this function for such circumstances:
function getHeight(element)
{
var e = element.cloneNode(true);
e.style.visibility = "hidden";
document.body.appendChild(e);
var height = e.offsetHeight + 0;
document.body.removeChild(e);
e.style.visibility = "visible";
return height;
}
If you are using jQuery already, your best bet is .outerHeight() or .height(), as has been stated.
Without jQuery, you can check the box-sizing in use and add up various paddings + borders + clientHeight, or you can use getComputedStyle:
var h = getComputedStyle(document.getElementById('someDiv')).height;
h will now be a string like a "53.825px".
And I can't find the reference, but I think I heard getComputedStyle() can be expensive, so it's probably not something you want to call on each window.onscroll event (but then, neither is jQuery's height()).
With MooTools:
$('someDiv').getSize().y
document.querySelector('.project_list_div').offsetWidth;
If i understood your question correctly, then maybe something like this would help:
function testDistance(node1, node2) {
/* get top position of node 1 */
let n1Pos = node1.offsetTop;
/* get height of node 1 */
let n1Height = node1.clientHeight;
/* get top position of node 2 */
let n2Pos = node2.offsetTop;
/* get height of node 2 */
let n2Height = node2.clientHeight;
/* add height of both nodes */
let heightTogether = n1Height + n2Height;
/* calculate distance from top of node 1 to bottom of node 2 */
let actualDistance = (n2Pos + n2Height) - n1Pos;
/* if the distance between top of node 1 and bottom of node 2
is bigger than their heights combined, than there is something between them */
if (actualDistance > heightTogether) {
/* do something here if they are not together */
console.log('they are not together');
} else {
/* do something here if they are together */
console.log('together');
}
}
Have you set the height in the css specifically? If you haven't you need to use offsetHeight; rather than height
var h = document.getElementById('someDiv').style.offsetHeight;

how do I compute the margin-left of an HTML element

is there a way to write a javascript function that given any HTML element tells me its 'margin-left' in pixels. (I guess whatever the algorithm then, it can be re-apploed to get margin-right,top and bottom)
One solution is this:
function(htmlElement) {
return htmlElement.style.marginLeft;
}
but that only works if the marginLeft was applied on that html element.
How can I compute it if it was not explicitly set ?
and if it was not explicitly set in pixels ?
You can do this by using window.getComputedStyle().
jsFiddle
window.getComputedStyle(elem, null).getPropertyValue("margin-left");
So elem.style.marginLeft gets the CSS value that is applied, getComputedStyle gets the actual computed value after everything is applied.
getComputedStyle doesn't work in IE8, there are a bunch of polyfills available though:
Polyfills-for-IE8 / getComputedStyle.js
A simpler polyfill

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