How can I apply changes made to a jsf component from javascript? - javascript

I have two jsf inputText whose class I change dynamically from javascript. These inputText's class starts being numeric and after some conditions they change to alphanumeric.
<h:form id="mainForm">
<h:inputText id="otraIdUno"
...
class="form-control soloNumeros" maxlength="15"
...>
</h:inputText>
From chrome, if I inspect the element, I can see the changes on the class but nothing is happening on the inputText itself, I mean I just can type numbers and not letters.
<h:inputText id="otraIdUno"
...
class="form-control alfanumerico" maxlength="15"
...>
</h:inputText>
From javascript I'm setting the inputText's class this way:
$("#mainForm\\:otraIdUno").addClass("alfanumerico");
A friend told me to try to update the element with this instruction but it didn't work.
$("#mainForm\\:otraIdUno").load(location.href + " #mainForm\\:otraIdUno");
I also tried setting the event again after adding the class:
$(".soloNumeros").keypress(onlyNumbers);
$(".alfanumerico").keypress(alphaNumeric);
I wont put here onlyNumbers and alphaNumeric code as they are just regular functions and they are already working with other elements.
By the way, if I set the class before running the code in any of these inputText it works perfectly. It isn't working only when I set it dynamically.
What I want is these inputText to be numeric in some cases and alphanumeric in other cases but they are always numeric.

Related

How to access the elements in Java Script while using JSF2.0 [duplicate]

Problem: Sometimes you will want to access a component from javascript with
getElementById, but id's are generated dynamically in JSF, so you
need a method of getting an objects id. I answer below on how you can do this.
Original Question:
I want to use some code like below. How can I reference the inputText JSF component in my Javascript?
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
xmlns:h="http://java.sun.com/jsf/html"
xmlns:f="http://java.sun.com/jsf/core">
<head>
<title>Input Name Page</title>
<script type="javascript" >
function myFunc() {
// how can I get the contents of the inputText component below
alert("Your email address is: " + document.getElementById("emailAddress").value);
}
</script>
</head>
<h:body>
<f:view>
<h:form>
Please enter your email address:<br/>
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" value="#{emailAddresses.emailAddressesStr}"/>
<h:commandButton onclick="myFunc()" action="results" value="Next"/>
</h:form>
</f:view>
</h:body>
</html>
Update: this post Client Identifiers in JSF2.0 discusses using a technique like:
<script type="javascript" >
function myFunc() {
alert("Your email address is: " + document.getElementById("#{myInptTxtId.clientId}").value);
}
</script>
<h:inputText id="myInptTxtId" value="backingBean.emailAddress"/>
<h:commandButton onclick="myFunc()" action="results" value="Next"/>
Suggesting that the attribute id on the inputText component
creates an object that can be accessed with EL using #{myInptTxtId},
in the above example. The article goes on to state that JSF 2.0 adds
the zero-argument getClientId() method to the UIComponent class.
Thereby allowing the #{myInptTxtId.clientId} construct suggested
above to get the actual generated id of the component.
Though in my tests this doesn't work. Can anyone else confirm/deny.
The answers suggested below suffer from drawback that the above
technique doesn't. So it would be good to know if the above technique
actually works.
You need to use exactly the ID as JSF has assigned in the generated HTML output. Rightclick the page in your webbrowser and choose View Source. That's exactly the HTML code which JS sees (you know, JS runs in webbrowser and intercepts on HTML DOM tree).
Given a
<h:form>
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" ... />
It'll look something like this:
<form id="j_id0">
<input type="text" id="j_id0:emailAddress" ... />
Where j_id0 is the generated ID of the generated HTML <form> element.
You'd rather give all JSF NamingContainer components a fixed id so that JSF don't autogenerate them. The <h:form> is one of them.
<h:form id="formId">
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" value="#{emailAddresses.emailAddressesStr}"/>
This way the form won't get an autogenerated ID like j_id0 and the input field will get a fixed ID of formId:emailAddress. You can then just reference it as such in JS.
var input = document.getElementById('formId:emailAddress');
From that point on you can continue using JS code as usual. E.g. getting value via input.value.
See also:
How to select JSF components using jQuery?
Update as per your update: you misunderstood the blog article. The special #{component} reference refers to the current component where the EL expression is been evaluated and this works only inside any of the attributes of the component itself. Whatever you want can also be achieved as follows:
var input = document.getElementById('#{emailAddress.clientId}');
with (note the binding to the view, you should absolutely not bind it to a bean)
<h:inputText binding="#{emailAddress}" />
but that's plain ugly. Better use the following approach wherein you pass the generated HTML DOM element as JavaScript this reference to the function
<h:inputText onclick="show(this)" />
with
function show(input) {
alert(input.value);
}
If you're using jQuery, you can even go a step further by abstracting them using a style class as marker interface
<h:inputText styleClass="someMarkerClass" />
with
$(document).on("click", ".someMarkerClass", function() {
var $input = $(this);
alert($input.val());
});
Answer: So this is the technique I'm happiest with. Doesn't require doing too much weird stuff to figure out the id of a component. Remember the whole point of this is so you can know the id of a component from anywhere on your page, not just from the actual component itself. This is key. I press a button, launch javascript function, and it should be able to access any other component, not just the one that launched it.
This solution doesn't require any 'right-click' and see what the id is. That type of solution is brittle, as the id is dynamically generated and if I change the page I'll have to go through that nonsense each time.
Bind the component to a backing bean.
Reference the bound component wherever you want.
So here is a sample of how that can be done.
Assumptions: I have an *.xhtml page (could be *.jsp) and I have defined a backing bean. I'm also using JSF 2.0.
*.xhtml page
<script>
function myFunc() {
var inputText = document.getElementById("#{backBean.emailAddyInputText.clientId}")
alert("The email address is: " + inputText.value );
}
</script>
<h:inputText binding="#{backBean.emailAddyInputText}"/>
<h:commandButton onclick="myFunc()" action="results" value="Next"/>
BackBean.java
UIInput emailAddyInputText;
Make sure to create your getter/setter for this property too.
Id is dynamically generated, so you should define names for all parent elements to avoid j_id123-like ids.
Note that if you use jQuery to select element - than you should use double slash before colon:
jQuery("my-form-id\\:my-text-input-block\\:my-input-id")
instead of:
jQuery("my-form-id:my-text-input-block:my-input-id")
In case of Richfaces you can use el expression on jsf page:
#{rich:element('native-jsf-input-id')}
to select javascript element, for example:
#{rich:element('native-jsf-input-id')}.value = "Enter something here";
You can view the HTML source when this is generated and see what the id is set to, so you can use that in your JavaScript. As it's in a form it is probably prepending the form id to it.
I know this is not the JSF way but if you want to avoid the ID pain you can set a special CSS class for the selector. Just make sure to use a good name so that when someone reads the class name it is clear that it was used for this purpose.
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" class="emailAddressesForSelector"...
In your JavaScript:
jQuery('.emailAddressesForSelector');
Of course you would still have to manually manage class name uniqueness.
I do think this is maintainable as long as you do not use this in reusable components. In that case you could generate the class names using a convention.
<h:form id="myform">
<h:inputText id="name" value="#{beanClass.name}"
a:placeholder="Enter Client Title"> </h:inputText>
</h:form>
This is a small example of jsf. Now I will write javascript code to get the value of the above jsf component:
var x = document.getElementById('myform:name').value; //here x will be of string type
var y= parseInt(x,10); //here we converted x into Integer type and can do the
//arithmetic operations as well

Javascript Array in Class = How to make it valid

I am using this jQuery validation library on my website. It requires me to put the validation rules in the class part of the input tag. ie <input class="validate[required,custom[onlyLetter],length[0,100]]" name="firstname" type="text" />
Now this causes me to end up with code in mine that looks similar such as:
<input type="text"
id="charfname"
name="charfname"
value=""
style="width: 300px;"
class="validate[required,length[3,20],custom[noSpecialCaracters]]" />
Which as you see has a [ and ] in the class name. So when I run the page through a validator I get the error:
character "[" is not allowed in the value of attribute "class"
How do I fix this to make it valid but still have the library work?
Thanks
Use some other method for initialization or use another script? Use an alternate attribute and a custom DTD for example. Or throw away the attribute based init system and use something else. Either way you have to modify the plugin's code. You cannot use "[" and "]" characters in a class name and any other combination implying them, period.

How can I use setAttribute on an input without an ID or class attribute?

I have a search input tag that is being added by a jQuery plug-in:
<input type="search" />
Note that this does not have an ID, CLASS, or NAME. I need the search input tag to look like this:
<input type="search" name="myname" />
A simple solution is for me to update the jQuery plug-in. However, I do not want to do this as it will cause challenges when I upgrade this plug-in in the future.
This JavaScript works properly and adds the name attribute:
$(document).ready(function() {
document.getElementsByTagName("input")[0].setAttribute("name", "myname");
});
The problem is that the "[0]" in this function relies on the search input being the first input field in the form. I do not think this solution is sustainable.
There are other inputs in the form. This is the only one with the type attribute equal to "search." Is there a way to identify it by this attribute? Or, is there another solution you propose?
Thank you for your time!
You can use the document.querySelector:
document.querySelector("input[type='search']")
Below is an example (you can inspect the output to see name attribute):
document.querySelector("input[type=search]").setAttribute("name", "myname");
<input type="search" value="foo" />
<input type="bar" value="bar" />
You can target a selection by anything. So, the selector input[type="search"]' will work.
If you want to apply this to all input's of type search, this is good enough, and you get all of them in here:
$('input[type="search"]')
This works without jQuery too:
document.querySelectorAll('input[type="search"]')
A more targeted approach would be
document.querySelectorAll('div.filter input[type="search"]')

color changing of <p:commandButton> within <h:form> tag when onclick everytime [duplicate]

Problem: Sometimes you will want to access a component from javascript with
getElementById, but id's are generated dynamically in JSF, so you
need a method of getting an objects id. I answer below on how you can do this.
Original Question:
I want to use some code like below. How can I reference the inputText JSF component in my Javascript?
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
xmlns:h="http://java.sun.com/jsf/html"
xmlns:f="http://java.sun.com/jsf/core">
<head>
<title>Input Name Page</title>
<script type="javascript" >
function myFunc() {
// how can I get the contents of the inputText component below
alert("Your email address is: " + document.getElementById("emailAddress").value);
}
</script>
</head>
<h:body>
<f:view>
<h:form>
Please enter your email address:<br/>
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" value="#{emailAddresses.emailAddressesStr}"/>
<h:commandButton onclick="myFunc()" action="results" value="Next"/>
</h:form>
</f:view>
</h:body>
</html>
Update: this post Client Identifiers in JSF2.0 discusses using a technique like:
<script type="javascript" >
function myFunc() {
alert("Your email address is: " + document.getElementById("#{myInptTxtId.clientId}").value);
}
</script>
<h:inputText id="myInptTxtId" value="backingBean.emailAddress"/>
<h:commandButton onclick="myFunc()" action="results" value="Next"/>
Suggesting that the attribute id on the inputText component
creates an object that can be accessed with EL using #{myInptTxtId},
in the above example. The article goes on to state that JSF 2.0 adds
the zero-argument getClientId() method to the UIComponent class.
Thereby allowing the #{myInptTxtId.clientId} construct suggested
above to get the actual generated id of the component.
Though in my tests this doesn't work. Can anyone else confirm/deny.
The answers suggested below suffer from drawback that the above
technique doesn't. So it would be good to know if the above technique
actually works.
You need to use exactly the ID as JSF has assigned in the generated HTML output. Rightclick the page in your webbrowser and choose View Source. That's exactly the HTML code which JS sees (you know, JS runs in webbrowser and intercepts on HTML DOM tree).
Given a
<h:form>
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" ... />
It'll look something like this:
<form id="j_id0">
<input type="text" id="j_id0:emailAddress" ... />
Where j_id0 is the generated ID of the generated HTML <form> element.
You'd rather give all JSF NamingContainer components a fixed id so that JSF don't autogenerate them. The <h:form> is one of them.
<h:form id="formId">
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" value="#{emailAddresses.emailAddressesStr}"/>
This way the form won't get an autogenerated ID like j_id0 and the input field will get a fixed ID of formId:emailAddress. You can then just reference it as such in JS.
var input = document.getElementById('formId:emailAddress');
From that point on you can continue using JS code as usual. E.g. getting value via input.value.
See also:
How to select JSF components using jQuery?
Update as per your update: you misunderstood the blog article. The special #{component} reference refers to the current component where the EL expression is been evaluated and this works only inside any of the attributes of the component itself. Whatever you want can also be achieved as follows:
var input = document.getElementById('#{emailAddress.clientId}');
with (note the binding to the view, you should absolutely not bind it to a bean)
<h:inputText binding="#{emailAddress}" />
but that's plain ugly. Better use the following approach wherein you pass the generated HTML DOM element as JavaScript this reference to the function
<h:inputText onclick="show(this)" />
with
function show(input) {
alert(input.value);
}
If you're using jQuery, you can even go a step further by abstracting them using a style class as marker interface
<h:inputText styleClass="someMarkerClass" />
with
$(document).on("click", ".someMarkerClass", function() {
var $input = $(this);
alert($input.val());
});
Answer: So this is the technique I'm happiest with. Doesn't require doing too much weird stuff to figure out the id of a component. Remember the whole point of this is so you can know the id of a component from anywhere on your page, not just from the actual component itself. This is key. I press a button, launch javascript function, and it should be able to access any other component, not just the one that launched it.
This solution doesn't require any 'right-click' and see what the id is. That type of solution is brittle, as the id is dynamically generated and if I change the page I'll have to go through that nonsense each time.
Bind the component to a backing bean.
Reference the bound component wherever you want.
So here is a sample of how that can be done.
Assumptions: I have an *.xhtml page (could be *.jsp) and I have defined a backing bean. I'm also using JSF 2.0.
*.xhtml page
<script>
function myFunc() {
var inputText = document.getElementById("#{backBean.emailAddyInputText.clientId}")
alert("The email address is: " + inputText.value );
}
</script>
<h:inputText binding="#{backBean.emailAddyInputText}"/>
<h:commandButton onclick="myFunc()" action="results" value="Next"/>
BackBean.java
UIInput emailAddyInputText;
Make sure to create your getter/setter for this property too.
Id is dynamically generated, so you should define names for all parent elements to avoid j_id123-like ids.
Note that if you use jQuery to select element - than you should use double slash before colon:
jQuery("my-form-id\\:my-text-input-block\\:my-input-id")
instead of:
jQuery("my-form-id:my-text-input-block:my-input-id")
In case of Richfaces you can use el expression on jsf page:
#{rich:element('native-jsf-input-id')}
to select javascript element, for example:
#{rich:element('native-jsf-input-id')}.value = "Enter something here";
You can view the HTML source when this is generated and see what the id is set to, so you can use that in your JavaScript. As it's in a form it is probably prepending the form id to it.
I know this is not the JSF way but if you want to avoid the ID pain you can set a special CSS class for the selector. Just make sure to use a good name so that when someone reads the class name it is clear that it was used for this purpose.
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" class="emailAddressesForSelector"...
In your JavaScript:
jQuery('.emailAddressesForSelector');
Of course you would still have to manually manage class name uniqueness.
I do think this is maintainable as long as you do not use this in reusable components. In that case you could generate the class names using a convention.
<h:form id="myform">
<h:inputText id="name" value="#{beanClass.name}"
a:placeholder="Enter Client Title"> </h:inputText>
</h:form>
This is a small example of jsf. Now I will write javascript code to get the value of the above jsf component:
var x = document.getElementById('myform:name').value; //here x will be of string type
var y= parseInt(x,10); //here we converted x into Integer type and can do the
//arithmetic operations as well

How can I know the id of a JSF component so I can use in Javascript

Problem: Sometimes you will want to access a component from javascript with
getElementById, but id's are generated dynamically in JSF, so you
need a method of getting an objects id. I answer below on how you can do this.
Original Question:
I want to use some code like below. How can I reference the inputText JSF component in my Javascript?
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
xmlns:h="http://java.sun.com/jsf/html"
xmlns:f="http://java.sun.com/jsf/core">
<head>
<title>Input Name Page</title>
<script type="javascript" >
function myFunc() {
// how can I get the contents of the inputText component below
alert("Your email address is: " + document.getElementById("emailAddress").value);
}
</script>
</head>
<h:body>
<f:view>
<h:form>
Please enter your email address:<br/>
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" value="#{emailAddresses.emailAddressesStr}"/>
<h:commandButton onclick="myFunc()" action="results" value="Next"/>
</h:form>
</f:view>
</h:body>
</html>
Update: this post Client Identifiers in JSF2.0 discusses using a technique like:
<script type="javascript" >
function myFunc() {
alert("Your email address is: " + document.getElementById("#{myInptTxtId.clientId}").value);
}
</script>
<h:inputText id="myInptTxtId" value="backingBean.emailAddress"/>
<h:commandButton onclick="myFunc()" action="results" value="Next"/>
Suggesting that the attribute id on the inputText component
creates an object that can be accessed with EL using #{myInptTxtId},
in the above example. The article goes on to state that JSF 2.0 adds
the zero-argument getClientId() method to the UIComponent class.
Thereby allowing the #{myInptTxtId.clientId} construct suggested
above to get the actual generated id of the component.
Though in my tests this doesn't work. Can anyone else confirm/deny.
The answers suggested below suffer from drawback that the above
technique doesn't. So it would be good to know if the above technique
actually works.
You need to use exactly the ID as JSF has assigned in the generated HTML output. Rightclick the page in your webbrowser and choose View Source. That's exactly the HTML code which JS sees (you know, JS runs in webbrowser and intercepts on HTML DOM tree).
Given a
<h:form>
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" ... />
It'll look something like this:
<form id="j_id0">
<input type="text" id="j_id0:emailAddress" ... />
Where j_id0 is the generated ID of the generated HTML <form> element.
You'd rather give all JSF NamingContainer components a fixed id so that JSF don't autogenerate them. The <h:form> is one of them.
<h:form id="formId">
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" value="#{emailAddresses.emailAddressesStr}"/>
This way the form won't get an autogenerated ID like j_id0 and the input field will get a fixed ID of formId:emailAddress. You can then just reference it as such in JS.
var input = document.getElementById('formId:emailAddress');
From that point on you can continue using JS code as usual. E.g. getting value via input.value.
See also:
How to select JSF components using jQuery?
Update as per your update: you misunderstood the blog article. The special #{component} reference refers to the current component where the EL expression is been evaluated and this works only inside any of the attributes of the component itself. Whatever you want can also be achieved as follows:
var input = document.getElementById('#{emailAddress.clientId}');
with (note the binding to the view, you should absolutely not bind it to a bean)
<h:inputText binding="#{emailAddress}" />
but that's plain ugly. Better use the following approach wherein you pass the generated HTML DOM element as JavaScript this reference to the function
<h:inputText onclick="show(this)" />
with
function show(input) {
alert(input.value);
}
If you're using jQuery, you can even go a step further by abstracting them using a style class as marker interface
<h:inputText styleClass="someMarkerClass" />
with
$(document).on("click", ".someMarkerClass", function() {
var $input = $(this);
alert($input.val());
});
Answer: So this is the technique I'm happiest with. Doesn't require doing too much weird stuff to figure out the id of a component. Remember the whole point of this is so you can know the id of a component from anywhere on your page, not just from the actual component itself. This is key. I press a button, launch javascript function, and it should be able to access any other component, not just the one that launched it.
This solution doesn't require any 'right-click' and see what the id is. That type of solution is brittle, as the id is dynamically generated and if I change the page I'll have to go through that nonsense each time.
Bind the component to a backing bean.
Reference the bound component wherever you want.
So here is a sample of how that can be done.
Assumptions: I have an *.xhtml page (could be *.jsp) and I have defined a backing bean. I'm also using JSF 2.0.
*.xhtml page
<script>
function myFunc() {
var inputText = document.getElementById("#{backBean.emailAddyInputText.clientId}")
alert("The email address is: " + inputText.value );
}
</script>
<h:inputText binding="#{backBean.emailAddyInputText}"/>
<h:commandButton onclick="myFunc()" action="results" value="Next"/>
BackBean.java
UIInput emailAddyInputText;
Make sure to create your getter/setter for this property too.
Id is dynamically generated, so you should define names for all parent elements to avoid j_id123-like ids.
Note that if you use jQuery to select element - than you should use double slash before colon:
jQuery("my-form-id\\:my-text-input-block\\:my-input-id")
instead of:
jQuery("my-form-id:my-text-input-block:my-input-id")
In case of Richfaces you can use el expression on jsf page:
#{rich:element('native-jsf-input-id')}
to select javascript element, for example:
#{rich:element('native-jsf-input-id')}.value = "Enter something here";
You can view the HTML source when this is generated and see what the id is set to, so you can use that in your JavaScript. As it's in a form it is probably prepending the form id to it.
I know this is not the JSF way but if you want to avoid the ID pain you can set a special CSS class for the selector. Just make sure to use a good name so that when someone reads the class name it is clear that it was used for this purpose.
<h:inputText id="emailAddresses" class="emailAddressesForSelector"...
In your JavaScript:
jQuery('.emailAddressesForSelector');
Of course you would still have to manually manage class name uniqueness.
I do think this is maintainable as long as you do not use this in reusable components. In that case you could generate the class names using a convention.
<h:form id="myform">
<h:inputText id="name" value="#{beanClass.name}"
a:placeholder="Enter Client Title"> </h:inputText>
</h:form>
This is a small example of jsf. Now I will write javascript code to get the value of the above jsf component:
var x = document.getElementById('myform:name').value; //here x will be of string type
var y= parseInt(x,10); //here we converted x into Integer type and can do the
//arithmetic operations as well

Resources